An Ontology-based Security Framework for Decision-making in Industrial Systems

Authors: Mozzaquatro, B.A., Melo, R., Agostinho, C., Jardim-Goncalves, R.
Abstract: Embedded devices based on emerging technologies of the Internet of Things (IoT) are used to provide resources, business models and opportunities to build potential industrial systems improving manufacturing systems with efficient operations. In this context, IoT networks are dynamic environments and changes are also being increasingly frequent, modifying the environment execution. Nevertheless, severe threats will increase the complexity and difficulty to protect existing vulnerabilities in smart devices of IoT network. In this context, this work proposes an architecture of the ontology-based security framework to decision-making using adaptive security model to improve secure information for the industrial systems. IoTSec ontology contributes to feed the system using queries of contextual information collected in the environment. The main contribution of this approach is validated as an integration with C2NET project to ensure security properties in some critical scenarios.

A Cloud Platform to support Collaboration in Supply Networks

Authors: Andres, B., Sanchis, R., & Poler, R.
Abstract: Collaboration is a trend in supply networks management, based on the jointly planning, coordination and integration of processes, participating all network entities. Due to the current characteristics of uncertainty in the markets and economic crisis, there is a need to encourage collaboration tools to reduce costs and increase trust and accountability to market requirements. This study presents an overview of the research carried out in the H2020 European Project: Cloud Collaborative Manufacturing Networks (C2NET), which is directed towards the development a cloud platform that consist of, optimization tools, collaboration tools to support and agile management of the network. The collaborative cloud platform allows to collect real time information coming from real-world resources and considering all the actors involved in the process. The collaborative cloud provides real time data gathered from the entire network partners in order to improve their decision-making processes.

Towards a reference ontology for security in the Internet of Things

Authors: Mozzaquatro, B. A., Jardim-Goncalves, R., & Agostinho, C.
Abstract: The diversity of wireless technologies, connected to the Internet and the more powerful and smaller embedded devices, allows to encompass services to improve everyday activities around us through new applications and businesses. This context emerged with the Internet of Things (IoT), where different technologies connected with the Internet provide several applications to change people's lifestyle. However, such integration of heterogeneous devices causes many problems of security and privacy due vulnerabilities of technologies, carrying important consequences to the users of IoT technologies. In this context, we proposed a reference ontology (IoTSec) with security concepts of M2M communications to help find secure solutions to the IoT environment. We followed a literature review and MENTOR methodology to gather and harmonize security ontologies and knowledge of vulnerabilities, which are the root causes for problems of all information security. In order to elucidate our approach, we describe a case study about the applicability of IoTSec in the industrial scenario.

Towards a sustainable interoperability in networked enterprise information systems: trends of knowledge and model-driven technology

Authors: Agostinho, C., Ducq, Y., Zacharewicz, G., Sarraipa, J., Lampathaki, F., Poler, R., & Jardim-Goncalves, R.
Abstract: In a turbulent world, global competition and the uncertainty of markets have led organizations and technology to evolve exponentially, surpassing the most imaginary scenarios predicted at the beginning of the digital manufacturing era, in the 1980s. Business paradigms have changed from a standalone vision into complex and collaborative ecosystems where enterprises break down organizational barriers to improve synergies with others and become more competitive. In this context, paired with networking and enterprise integration, enterprise information systems (EIS) interoperability gained utmost importance, ensuring an increasing productivity and efficiency thanks to a promise of more automated information exchange in networked enterprises scenarios. However, EIS are also becoming more dynamic. Interfaces that are valid today are outdated tomorrow, thus static interoperability enablers and communication software services are no longer the solution for the future. This paper is focused on the challenge of sustaining networked EIS interoperability, and takes up input from solid research initiatives in the areas of knowledge management and model driven development, to propose and discuss several research strategies and technological trends towards next EIS generation.

Dynamic Software Adapters as Enablers for Sustainable Interoperability Networks

Authors: Ferreira, J., Agostinho, C., Jardim-Goncalves, R
Abstract: Enterprises are motivated to join collaborative networks, looking forward to reducing time to market, innovating products and lowering prices. However, each enterprise has its own legacy on Enterprise Information Systems, a fact that has been creating a significant interoperability problem when intending to cooperate with others using dissimilar information systems. This paper proposes to reuse existing modelling and architecture technology in a framework to support the sustainability of interoperability among networked enterprises. It suggests the implementation of dynamic software adapters to assure the continuous transformation of heterogeneous information, achieving an adaptive mechanism for interoperation among the different enterprise applications, and guaranteeing a seamless communication among the networked enterprises.

Towards an Agile and Collaborative Platform for Managing Supply Chain Uncertainties

Authors: Lauras, M., Lamothe, J., Benaben, F., Andres, B., & Poler, R.
Abstract: Nowadays, one of the main challenges for Supply Chains is the management of disruptions and uncertainties. Turbulence and instability have now to be considered as the ‘normal’ situation. Future Supply Chains should be able to cope with this new context to stay competitive. To solve this issue, new approaches and technologies have to be designed in order to improve the agility capability of supply networks. To contribute to this new problem statement, as a part of the H2020 C2NET research project, this paper proposes a concrete research framework. The research aim consists in defining precise research orientations in one hand, and structuring a set of technical tasks able to result in an agile and collaborative platform on the other hand. Basically, the main components of the research framework are presented and the expected impacts are discussed.

Towards a cloud-based platform for enabling supply chain collaboration

Authors: Borja Ramis Ferrer, Ruben de Juan-Marín, Emili Miedes, Angelica Nieto, Jose L. Martínez Lastra, Raul Peña-Ortiz
Abstract: The advances on information and communication technologies allow the development of collaboration tools, which exchange different type of data in order to optimize certain functionality. Distributed and large-scale systems (e.g. supply chains) have incorporated many systems and new technologies that are compatible with collaboration tools for optimizing processes. However, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) have not yet implemented the access to such tools due to their limited resources.

Information Realignment in Pursuit of Self Sustainable Interoperability at the Digital and Sensing Enterprise

Authors: Carlos Agostinho, Jose Ferreira and Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves
Abstract: In order to remain competitive with big corporations, small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) often need to be more dynamic, adapt to new business situations, react faster, and thereby survive in today's global economy. To do so, SMEs normally seek to create consortiums become aligned with the new Internet trends, thus gaining access to new and more opportunities. However, this strategy may also lead to complications, especially at the level of interoperability. Systems become more and more dynamic with evolving information models and “liquid” semantic domains with fuzzy boundaries. Collaboration networks and partnerships frequently change to answer new customer's requirements, causing new interoperability problems and a reduction of efficiency when not solved. A similar situation is occurring at the level of IoT with the replacement of devices from different manufacturers. This work proposes a mediator system to enable self-sustainable interoperability, monitoring existing enterprise information systems and their devices, by predicting future behaviors and automatically detecting past changes that may harness interoperability. With this, network harmonization disruptions are detected in a timely way, and possible solutions are suggested to regain the interoperable status, thus enhancing robustness for reaching sustainability of business networks along time.

Dynamic Software Adapters as Enablers for Sustainable Interoperability Networks

Authors: Jose Ferreira, Carlos Agostinho and Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves
Abstract: Enterprises are motivated to join collaborative networks, looking forward to reducing time to market, innovating products and lowering prices. However, each enterprise has its own legacy on Enterprise Information Systems, a fact that has been creating a significant interoperability problem when intending to cooperate with others using dissimilar information systems. This paper proposes to reuse existing modelling and architecture technology in a framework to support the sustainability of interoperability among networked enterprises. It suggests the implementation of dynamic software adapters to assure the continuous transformation of heterogeneous information, achieving an adaptive mechanism for interoperation among the different enterprise applications, and guaranteeing a seamless communication among the networked enterprises.

“Redes Colaborativas de Fabricación en Nube. El proyecto Europeo H2020: C2NET ”

Authors: Raquel Sanchis and Raul Poler
Abstract: La colaboración, es una tendencia en la gestión de las redes de suministro, que se basa en la planificación, coordinación e integración de procesos de forma conjunta entre todas las entidades de la red. Debido a las características actuales de incertidumbre en los mercados y crisis económica, se precisa de herramientas que fomenten la colaboración para reducir costes e incrementar la confianza y responsabilidad frente a los requerimientos del mercado. El presente estudio muestra las líneas de investigación del proyecto europeo H2020: C2NET, que van dirigidas hacia el desarrollo de un espacio en la Nube con herramientas de optimización y de gestión ágil, con interfaces intuitivas a través de cualquier dispositivo que proporcionan información en tiempo real a toda la red con el fin de mejorar sus procesos decisionales.
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